The trees in your yard provide numerous aesthetic and environmental benefits to your property. Sometimes it may be necessary to move established trees in order to make way for a house addition, expand a driveway or to provide the plant a better growing environment. Moving a large tree is no small feat, and you need to prepare properly and get the assistance of a licensed tree service to make sure you do not damage the plant or injure yourself during the transplanting process.
Select a New Location
It is crucial to select the right location before you move the tree. It must not interfere with existing plants or damage the landscape. You need to also make sure that there are no power lines, underground utilities or sewage pipes in the way.
Take heed of the following guidelines when selecting a new location.
- Do not transplant the new tree near roof lines, house foundations and windows.
- Choose a spot that will enable the tree to get plenty of sunshine, and if possible, protection from wind.
- Avoid locations with soil that does not drain well or is poorly graded.
- If you live an area that gets a lot of snow, do not place the tree in an area that will interfere with winter snow removal.
If you are worried about the soil quality of the new location, hire a tree service to perform a soil test and provide you with recommendations on how to amend the soil to make it more amendable for plant growth.
Preparing the Tree for Removal
A tree's health at the time of removal can impact how it performs in the new location. Make sure the tree receives a deep watering in the days before the removal. Moist soil will make it easier for tree removal specialists to excavate the large plant from the ground. Moist soil will also help the tree's root ball stay intact during a transplantation.
You should also remove any low-hanging and damaged branches. If there are ornamentals near the tree that you want to save, make sure to transplant them a few days before the tree removal. In addition, clean your yard, remove any swing sets, yard equipment and debris so the tree removal contractors will not have any obstacles in their way.
Moving the Tree
The best time to move a tree is during the early spring or fall when it is not too hot outside. You also want to make sure that the ground is not frozen. Call a tree service to schedule a tree transplantation as early as possible. The spring and fall will be a busy time for tree service professionals so do not wait until the last minute.
Calling in advance will also give you time to apply for a permit if you need permission from your city government to transplant a large tree. Furthermore, some municipalities have special rules for moving certain species of trees.
Be prepared to park on the street during a tree removal as workers will need to navigate heavy duty equipment including truck-mounted hydraulic spades and even cranes to transplant the tree.
Taking Care of the Tree After the Move
Once your tree is in its new location, make sure that you water it on regular basis. However, be careful not to over water so the soil does not become soggy. Water-logged soil will make the tree roots vulnerable to rot, diseases and pests.
Lay mulch around the tree, a few inches away from the trunk, to help keep the soil at a uniform temperature. Mulching also reduces erosion, improves soil moisture retention and keeps weeds from growing.
Avoid adding fertilizer to the soil around the tree within the first year. The roots of the tree will not be ready to absorb fertilizer nutrients properly. It may take over a year for a tree to recover from the shock of being transplanted. The plant may not show any new growth for a few years as it adjusts to its new home.
For more information tree services, contact a company like Smitty's Tree Service Inc.